Posts tagged as:

Ishrat Jahan encounter

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – September 25th, 2017

by newsdigest on October 26, 2017

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup

News Headlines

Opinions & Editorials

RSS Tries to Create Tension by Spreading Fake News Regarding Temple in Kerala (Sep 23, 2017, News Click)

Yet another attempt by the Sangh Parivar to create tensions in the name of temples in Kerala has been exposed. For the past few days, Sangh workers have been claiming that the Kerala government is trying to take over the Parthasarathy Temple at Guruvayur, Thrissur district so with the intention of “capturing” temple funds.

The claim has been refuted by Devaswom Minister Kadakampally Surendran and activists, even as RSS workers tried to create tension at the temple. On Thursday, RSS workers stopped the Malabar Devaswom Board (MDB) Executive Officer and the team of revenue officials who came to the temple to take it over on the basis of a High Court order.

The RSS workers created a tense atmosphere in the temple and its premises by holding the officials and even the women police officers hostage. The MDB officials returned without completing the proceedings. The controversy has its origins in 2009, when a large section of devotees of the temple alleged that the RSS-led administration was involved in embezzling funds. The devotees demanded that the Malabar Devaswom Board, which manages a large number of temples in North Kerala, should take over the temple administration so that its finances are properly audited.…

https://www.newsclick.in/rss-tries-create-tension-spreading-fake-news-regarding-temple-kerala

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Lawyer For SIMI Calls Report On Bhopal Jail Break Encounter A ‘Whitewash’ (Sep 21, 2017, Huffington Post)

Almost nine months after the jailbreak in Bhopal Central Jail and the subsequent encounter that led to the killing of 9 persons, including 8 operatives of the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) and a jail guard, the judicial commission that was constituted to look into the matter has submitted its report.

The commission headed by a retired high court judge of Madhya Pradesh, SK Pandey, submitted the report on the incident, which took place on 31 October 2016, to the state home department. The commission and the state government maintain it is a confidential document until tabled in the Assembly. However, sources said that the report gives a clean-chit to police officials involved in the encounter, even as it points out lapses in the security of the jail. But officials refused to come on record about the contents of the report.

Speaking to HuffPost India, the lawyer of the slain SIMI operatives and their kin, Parvez Alam, said that it was hardly an inquiry. “There was no probe. We were not given any documents, not even a copy of the FIR registered with the Gunga police station after the encounter though it is a public document. The copies of the post-mortem reports were not given to us either,” he said. According to Alam, the Commission didn’t give them an opportunity to present the facts and tell their side of the story, which, he claims, would have punctured the police’s narrative.…

http://www.huffingtonpost.in/2017/09/21/lawyer-for-simi-calls-report-on-bhopal-jail-break-encounter-a-whitewash_a_23217368/

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Mass grave at Dera Sacha Sauda’s Sirsa headquarters has 600 skeletons, Ram Rahim’s aide reveals to SIT (Sep 20, 2017, India Today)

Dirty and horrific secrets from Gurmeet Ram Rahim’s Dera Sacha Sauda’s closet are tumbling out on a daily basis. The latest: nearly 600 skeletons are buried inside the Dera headquarters in Sirsa. The dreadful revelation has been made by a trusted aide of Gurmeet Ram Rahim during interrogation by Special Investigation Team (SIT).

Former Dera vice-president Dera Sacha Sauda Dr PR Nain, who is being quizzed by the SIT along with Dera chairperson Vipassana Insan, also submitted relevant documents in support of his claim regarding a mass grave inside the Sirsa headquarters. Dr PR Nain also told the SIT that Dera started planting saplings on the land where the skeletons were buried on the advice of a German scientist.

A woman follower of Ram Rahim, who is serving 20-year-term in Rohtak’s Sunaria jail, has claimed that her been child has missing from Dera headquarters in Sirsa since last 12 years. The Panipat woman alleged that she donated her 2-month-old kid to Dera after being persuaded by Gurmeet Ram Rahim to do so through an advertisement.…

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/gurmeet-ram-rahim-dera-sacha-sauda-sirsa-skeletons-mass-grave/1/1051851.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Saint having links with top BJP leaders arrested in a rape case from Alwar Ashram (Sep 23, 2017, Ummid.com)

Self-styled godman Sant Kaushlendra Falahari Maharaj, an accused in a rape case, who is alleged to have links with top BJP leaders, has been arrested by the Rajasthan police on Saturday soon after he was discharged from a hospital. Earlier, when the investigating officer reached to interrogate the “Saint” popular as Falahari Baba at his Alwar Ashram, he got himself admitted in the hospital complaining of intestine infection. Since then, policemen were stationed outside the hospital and waiting for the baba’s discharge.

A 21-year old girl had lodged a zero FIR against the Falahari baba at Bilaspur police station in Chhattisgarh state. According to the FIR, the alleged crime had taken place on August 7 in Alwar, when the victim had visited Alwar Ashram to offer the first salary she had earned from her internship. Falahari baba had asked her to stay in the Ashram for the night. Then he asked the girl to come to his room, where he allegedly raped her. After raping the girl, the Falahari baba also threatened her not to disclose anything as he had connections with top politicians and cops.

Initially, the girl and her family, who were following the baba since last 15 years, were reluctant to approach the police, but after the conviction and sentencing of Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh, they decided to file a complaint against the Falahari baba. The girl said she was inspired by the rape victims in Gurmeent Singh Ram Raheem case and it was they who gave her the needed courage to file the case against Falahari baba. Meanwhile, Falahari baba’s photgraphs with top BJP leaders are widely circulated by social media users ever since report of his arrests in the rape case was made public.…

http://www.ummid.com/news/2017/September/23.09.2017/falahari-baba-accused-of-rape-arrested-from-alwar-ashram.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Painting Mughals as looters to hailing ‘Indian’ heroes: How to rewrite history (Sep 24, 2017, Hindustan Times)

Uttar Pradesh deputy chief minister Dinesh Sharma said that Mughal rulers played no role in Indian history except plundering the country – reason, according to him, to rewrite history text books. Sharma added that the state government was working towards introducing a new school syllabus. Sharma is not alone. His counterparts in BJP-ruled states have been finding ‘faults’ in time and again.

The RSS has been publicising what it thinks is the appropriate version of history through its Saraswati Shiksha Mandir Prakashan and Vidya Bharti Publications. The recent trend is to use the state government resources and institutions to rewrite history, omit important figures, promote a communal angle. “They are doing it in the pursuit of a Hindu Rashtra,” said historian Harbans Mukhia, whose area of specialisation is medieval India.…

Rewriting history textbooks has been an old priority of the right-wing. In 1977, Jana Sangh members in Janata Party pushed for the withdrawal of history textbooks written by Romila Thapar, Bipan Chadra and Harbans Mukhia, among others. The effort failed because the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) as well as the intelligentsia opposed the move.…

http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/a-peep-into-the-history-rewriting-project/story-DodYmxp8uLc23XUTETZ19N.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Have Enough Evidence Against Ex-Gujarat Cop In Ishrat Jahan Encounter Case, CBI Tells Court (Sep 24, 2017, NDTV)

A special CBI court today asked the lawyer of victim’s kin in the alleged fake encounter case of Ishrat Jahan and three others, to argue their case against the discharge plea by ex-IPS officer PP Pandey. The court of special judge JK Pandya today fixed October 11, as a date to make submissions, if any. During the course of hearing, the court had allowed Ishrat’s mother, Ms Shamima Kauser, to become a party in the case.…

Mr Pandey, who is currently out on bail, had moved his discharge plea saying that statement of two witnesses against him are contradictory, and had also cited his reinstatement and promotion as in-charge DGP as one of the grounds.…

Arguing against his discharge plea, the CBI had told the court that it had enough evidence against him.… Mr Pandey is facing charges like murder, criminal conspiracy (IPC section 120(B)), abettor present when crime is committed (IPC section 114), and sections of the Arms Act.…

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/have-enough-evidence-against-ex-gujarat-cop-in-ishrat-jahan-encounter-case-central-intelligence-bure-1754345

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

1 paisa loan waiver a cruel joke: farmer (Sep 20, 2017, The Hindu)

Chiddi Sharma, a farmer in Ading village of Mathura, has received 1 paisa or ₹00.01 as part of the U.P. government’s flagship crop loan waiver scheme, which promises a relief of up to ₹1 lakh to the 86 lakh farmers in the State.

Mr. Sharma, one of the many farmers who have been given waivers of minuscule amounts, says his is the “cruellest joke” as no one in the State has been paid 1 paise as relief for losses running into lakhs.…

“I had distributed sweets in April when Yogiji announced the loan waiver. I had taken loan of ₹1.55 lakh from the Punjab National Bank six years ago, but could not repay it that due to repeated losses in farming. Today I do not know whether to laugh or cry. Many leaders have played with the emotions of the farmers, but this one by Yogiji is the cruellest of them all,” said Mr. Sharma who owns five bighas of land and comes under the category of “marginal farmer”.…

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/1-paisa-loan-waiver-a-cruel-joke-farmer/article19718891.ece

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Riot cases: Sadhvi Prachi’s plea for traveling abroad rejected (Sep 8, 2017, Indian Express)

A court here on Friday rejected a plea by firebrand Hindutva leader Sadhvi Prachi, an accused in the 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots, seeking permission to travel abroad, saying charges have not been framed against her yet. Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate Madhu Gupta rejected Sadhvi’s plea and directed her to appear in person before the court on November 28 for framing of charges.

In the plea filed through her lawyer, Sadhvi had pleaded she be allowed to get her passport renewed to travel abroad. She has, however, not mentioned where she wanted to travel.

The court rejected the plea, saying charges against Sadhvi have not yet been framed even after four years due to the non-appearance of her, and other accused. The public prosecutor opposed the plea saying Sadhvi was among 40 accused who allegedly incited violence through their speeches.…

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/riot-cases-sadhvi-prachis-plea-for-traveling-abroad-rejected-4834703/

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Investigation Report on Lynchings finds Serious Flaws in the Criminal Justice System (Sep 22, 2017, Sabrang India)

A fact-finding team which probed into the 24 incidents of lynching and vigilante violence in the recent period has concluded that the criminal justice system is seriously flawed when dealing with hate crimes.

According to the report stringent laws against cattle transport and trade, backed in some states by private parties (“gau rakshaks”), are among the major factors responsible for the recurring violence.

“Impunity of state and private actors in cases of hate crime, including lynching and vigilante violence – as a result of the poor working of the criminal justice system – ensures that hate violence persists,” the report concludes.…

https://sabrangindia.in/article/investigation-report-lynchings-finds-serious-flaws-criminal-justice-system

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Internal Durga Puja memo leaked, Hindutva elements trying to foment communal disturbance in Bengal (Sep 24, 2017, National Herald)

…In West Bengal, there has been peace for decades and both communities have never had major confrontations. But since 2014, there have been sudden attacks on temples and Muharram processions. And the number of such incidents are only growing.

Though Bengali Hindu ritual prohibits idol immersion on the eleventh day, Ekadashi, this year BJP and its allies have been trying their best to provoke people to immerse the idols on the day, considered religiously inauspicious.

The aim of this propaganda seems to be political rather than religious with an intention to create a massive law and order problem by pitting one community against another, National Herald has learnt from an insider who has leaked some information about the Sangh Parivar’s plans to create communal disturbance during Durga Puja.…

https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/politics/internal-durga-puja-memo-leaked-hindutva-elements-trying-to-foment-communal-disturbance-in-bengal

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Opinions and Editorials

Cows to planes: Indian ministers who rewrote scientific history – By Ayeshea Perera (Sep 22, 2017, BBC)

Mr Singh, who was the chief guest at an engineering awards ceremony in the capital Delhi, also told the gathering that the first working plane was invented by an Indian named Shivakar Babuji Talpade eight years before the Wright brothers.

Shivakar Babuji Talpade’s alleged achievements remain unverified and Mr Singh’s comments have been ridiculed on social media. However, he is not the first Indian minister to make such claims, either about ancient India’s contribution to science or that it invented the plane.

A speaker at a prestigious science conference in 2015 told his audience that the inventor was really a sage named Bharadwaja, who lived about 7,000 years ago. Captain Anand Bodas, a retired pilot and head of a pilot training facility, also claimed that India had interplanetary aircraft thousands of years ago, along with sophisticated radar that was superior to today’s systems.…

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-41344136

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Not Hindutva but Bhartiyata: Building a greater Bharat requires a more inspiring and practical approach than Hindutva currently offers – By Bhanu Dhamija (Sep 22, 2017, Times of India)

…It is one thing (and totally acceptable) to subscribe to a right-wing, conservative ideology. It is something different, however, to not recognise bad history when it is repeating right in front of us. Today’s India, in its rush to side on the right or the left, is not being stern enough in its protection of democracy.

Governments have for centuries used the same tools to keep power and puncture democracy. It’s simple: to strengthen regimes, they need to be in control of all civil society institutions. Controlling the judiciary, the opposition, the legislature, and civil watchdogs helps tame those meant to provide checks and balances. Influencing the media and the schools does the remaining job of overpowering institutions that could have kept the public vigilant. Lastly, such governments want us citizens to fight with each other.

The forms of control may have changed over decades, but lesson after lesson in history has taught us: ambitious governments need that important institutions toe the line, and that the public knows less, and fights and worships more.… If we respect history as a guide for the present, today’s symptoms should worry us, irrespective of our personal ideology. Unending lynchings, bully lawmaking, a meek media, a pea-brained opposition, expanding power across states and legislatures, state-backed social media crooks, fake news—even if the government is not directly responsible for any of this, the truth is, the current government feels comfortable. History teaches us, that whether left-wing or right-wing, a government must never feel comfortable.…

http://www.huffingtonpost.in/tanay-sukumar/history-has-ample-warnings-for-where-india-could-be-headed_a_23210287/

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Re 1 loan waiver for UP farmers can turn the joke on BJP in 2019 – By Vandana Singh (Sep 21, 2017, Dailyo.in)

It began as a promise made in BJP’s election manifesto for the Uttar Pradesh elections. But when the party went on to honour its promise to waive the loans of distressed farmers, the tragedy that unfolded left not just the farmers but many others dumbfounded.

A cruel joke has been cracked on the farmers of the country’s most populous state. Under the farm loan waiver scheme, a farmer has been handed over a waiver of a paltry one paisa. It gets worse. The certificate handed over to the farmer has photos of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and chief minister Yogi Adityanath beaming ear to ear.…

Worse still, it is not an isolated case. Several farmers have reported that they have been handed over waiver certificates worth 19 paisa and 50 paisa. Worst of all, before one could have dismissed the incidents as cases of typos or simple calculation errors that would be rectified, Yogi Adityanath has clarified it is not a mistake. “There was no mistake. Truth is those who got a waiver of Rs 1 or Rs 1 lakh, both are farmers,” he told Hindi daily Dainik Bhaskar. … To hand out a one paisa loan waiver to a farmer battered on almost all other fronts is not a sound policy. It is risking the wrath of the poor.

http://www.dailyo.in/politics/farmer-distress-farm-loan-waiver-yogi-adityanath-narendra-modi/story/1/19624.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

BJP’s Renaming Spree Revives Controversy over the Midnight Death of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya – By P. Raman (Sep 25, 2017, The Wire)

There are at least 16 educational institutions and hospitals named after Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) leader Deen Dayal Upadhyaya. We also have innumerable local roads and housing complexes in his honour. Last week, the Assam government decided it would open over a dozen educational institutions in his name. Three welfare programmes initiated by the Modi government have the prefix ‘DDU’.

Thus the Union cabinet’s decision to rename Mughal Sarai ‘Deen Dayal Upadhyaya station’ is just another addition to the existing long list. The move however will have an unintended consequences. It will revive many old ghosts. What was Upadhyaya’s special connection to Mughal Sarai? How did he become a shaheed (martyr) to deserve the station’s renaming? The ruling party and its government maintain a deafening silence about the saffron icon’s unnatural death at the station premises on February 11, 1968.

The ruling party seems to seek to downplay all controversies over what was believed to be a gruesome murder.… Did it have something to do with the factional tussle within Jana Sangh?… There is palpable reluctance to expose saffron’s GenX to such unpleasant facts.… The BJP, which has launched a big Upadhyaya build-up with massive official programmes, including 200 rallies, has rejected all demands for further inquiries to bring out the truth. In May, 2015, Swamy had reiterated his demand for another special investigation. In September 2014, Upadhyaya’s neice, Madhu Sharma, who heads an outfit in her uncle’s name, had also sought a ‘thorough’ inquiry. Yet the stoic silence continues.

https://thewire.in/169417/bjp-renaming-spree-deen-dayal-upadhyaya/

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Is BJP trying to promote pseudo-nationalism in BHU too? – By Amarendra Pratap (Sep 26, 2017, Indian Express)

The story of protesting girl students of Banaras Hindu University has been told over and over again over the last few days. How they staged a dharna outside the Triveni hostel against incidents of sexual harassment and hooliganism that have become rampant. When the authorities ignored them, they decided to stage their protest at BHU’s main entrance, popularly known as ‘Singhadwar,’ which opens into the Lanka area of the city.

It is important to understand BHU’s geographical context to understand the social norms that define it. The university is surrounded by several small towns and villages, such as Chhittupur, Seer, Susuwahi and Karaundi. Most students come from Eastern Uttar Pradesh, or Poorvanchal, where roots of masculinity and feudalism are deeply entrenched. A defining feature of this character is to be controlling towards the female sex – this also means that sexual abuse and violence by men is taken for granted because it is supposedly sanctioned by social norms.…

Question is, how long can an academic institution can be run by police brutality and suppression by the Administration, when internal overhaul is the need of hour. There is no democracy, no equality, no liberty and above all no security in this campus. Is this what Mahamana had envisioned for this great campus which was created by him on lands gifted by farmers?…

http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/is-bjp-trying-to-promote-pseudo-nationalism-in-bhu-too-4861448/

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Cow vigilantism – Editorial (Sep 25, 2017, The Tribune)

When in opposition, politicians want the courts to breathe down the government’s neck. Those at the receiving end of the courts’ interest, term it as needless judicial activism. On Friday, the Supreme Court asked the states to frame schemes to compensate victims of crime, including cow vigilantism. It had earlier asked states to appoint nodal officers by October 31 to nip this menace. The Court will have more to say when the states file their compliance reports later this month.…

The state is the first responder to any disturbance in law and order. But the ghastly business of cow vigilantism took firm organisational roots with the advent of the BJP government at the Centre. Its karyakartas who became Ministers provided the social and moral legitimacy to the so-called cow protectors as part of their push to create a nation-wide eco system of obscurantist beliefs like Durga being the first Defence Minister. The zealotry of religion has now created terror among professions – transporters, dairy farmers and meat traders – as well as societal groups, especially the Muslims and Dalits.

The Central Government’s quiet acquiescence gave moral legitimacy to the vigilantes by tightening the laws on cattle slaughter. This left the courts as the sole arbitrators of life and liberty. It has stepped into the breach by passing orders for the appointment of senior police officer in every district to stop violence in the name of cow protection. The Modi government’s unhelpful attitude and deliberate slothfulness has forced the Court to draw the lines of responsibility and restraint.

http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/editorials/cow-vigilantism/472243.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

{ 0 comments }

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – February 27th, 2017

by newsdigest on March 10, 2017

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup

Communal Harmony

News Headlines

Opinions & Editorials

Book Review

Communal Harmony

‘Unite India’ mobile App for Diploma in Communal Harmony will help defeat hate-mongers (Feb 24, 2017, Milli Gazette)

Author Ram Puniani on Saturday launched a unique Diploma Course in Communal Harmony through a Mobile App ‘Unite India’ designed by All India Secular Forum member Syed Khalid.

Speaking after launching the App, Ram Puniyani said that ‘Unite India’ App would clear many misconceptions which are creating hatred within various communities in India. Stating that most of the misconceptions on the religion and history were created by vested interests for political gains, he said those completing Diploma in Communal Harmony could easily defeat such hate mongers.…

Syed Khalid, the AISF member and App Developer said that “The course is primarily divided into 11 chapters including Communal Violence, Misconceptions About Minorities, Alliances Amongst Kings, Islam In India, India’s Mixed Culture, Colonial Period, Indian Nationalism, Kashmir Issue, Global Terrorism Today and Communalism Today. The chapters are sub-divided into 68 topics with each giving clear and precise answer to one popular myth. The candidates will have to write exam after the end of each topic. Each topic is of about 200 words and the candidates need to give correct answers for at least three out of five questions to pass the test. After the completion of entire course, the candidates will be awarded a Certificate. The “Unite India” App is available for free download for Android platforms on Google Play Store @https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.raylabs.harmony&hl=en

http://www.milligazette.com/news/15413-unite-india-mobile-app-for-diploma-in-communal-harmony-will-help-defeat-hate-mongers

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Ramjas Student Speaks Up: Police Refused to Protect Us From ABVP (Feb 22, 2017, The Quint)

It was a seminar organised by the English department and English Literary Society of Ramjas College, University of Delhi.… At around 11 am, a few students began gathering in the college, shouting how they are not going to let the “anti-national” Umar Khalid enter the college. This crowd soon turned into a mob, screaming slogans of “Vande Mataram”, and threatening the organisers, warning them that they will “disfigure their faces” if Umar Khalid dares to speak inside the University.…

Umar Khalid was invited to speak as part of the panel on ‘Regions in Conflict’ where he was supposed to present his paper on the tribals in Bastar. But the angry ABVP mob made sure that Umar didn’t participate in the event. The police, which was called in, owing to foresight, refused to protect the organisers or Umar Khalid, thus betraying their fundamental duty.…

It shows a deep and dangerous nexus between the State, the political groups sponsored by them and the police. The incident at Ramjas is not a small, secluded event but is a small part of the bigger picture where the same fascism and hooliganism is raising its head again. …

https://www.thequint.com/blogs/2017/02/22/umar-khalid-protest-by-abvp-as-police-watches-at-du

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Ramjas College row:Protest and clashes in Mumbai and Pune keep campuses on boil (Feb 26, 2017, Hindustan Times)

Following the Ramjas College controversy in Delhi University, members of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP), Bharatiya Janata Party’s student wing, protested at the Kalina campus of University of Mumbai on Saturday.…

Sources said ABVP activists burnt an effigy of Khalid on Friday morning. SFI members retaliated later that evening by putting up posters condemning Maharashtra education minister Vinod Tawde for ‘threatening’ their colleagues at a Solapur polytechnic college. This angered ABVP activists.

“We were attacked by ABVP activists, along with a few outsiders,” said SFI secretary Vlas Pable. The right-wing group, however, defended its actions. “We are firmly opposed to inviting Umar Khalid to Ramjas College,” said ABVP secretary Pradeep Gawde. Police personnel have been deployed on the campus.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/mumbai-news/abvp-and-sfi-clash-in-mumbai-nine-activists-held/story-UlDma0XPIu4HQoXWtXL58H.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Kerala CM lambasts RSS at communal harmony rally in Mangaluru (Feb 25, 2017, Deccan Herald)

Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan today said right wing organisations, including the RSS, had been trying to divide the country for the last several years. Addressing a “communal harmony rally” organised by CPI(M) here, he said it was unfortunate that such organisations were trying to disrupt peace in the country.

Vijayan said it was now imperative to protect communal harmony. He said the RSS had “adopted the organisational structure of Mussolini and the ideology of Hitler. The two dictators had terrorised the world”, he said. The RSS had absolutely no role in India’s independence struggle, but actually took sides with the British during the period, while all other parties jointly supported the fight against the British despite differences among them on several matters”, he said.

He said Nathuram Godse, who assassinated MahatmaGandhi with a revolver, himself was a weapon in the hands ofRSS. The assassination was the result of a conspiracy, he alleged. “In India, the RSS had now identified Muslims, Christians and Communists as their internal enemies and were carrying out attacks to eliminate them”, Vijayan said, adding they were instigating communal violence to destroy unity among the people.…

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/598221/kerala-cm-lambasts-rss-communal.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Isn’t PM being anti-national by not condemning hate-killing of Hindu Indian by a foreigner? (Feb 27, 2017, Dailyo.in)

Has PM Narendra Modi issued a strong condemnation of the murder of the 32-year-old Indian engineer, Srinivas Kuchibholta, in Kansas by a white-skinned US navy veteran? No.… It is exactly this climate of hostility that has created ripples of disturbance across the world. Kuchibholta’s murder was patently not by just a “lone wolf” white nationalist, but someone who suddenly found a purpose in life and a narrative to strengthen when he saw the US government echoing ideas that better fit the likes of Klux Klux Klan, or the Nazi party in 1930s Germany.

Trump’s obnoxious and downright undemocratic statements… have, in fact, mirror images in what’s happening in India. Just like Trump humiliated a late Iraq war veteran’s parents because they happened to be Muslim, in India today a 20-year-old daughter of a Kargil war martyr is trolled on social media and is threatened with rape because she dares to speak the harsh truth.… We can expect little else from the student body affiliated with the RSS when the BJP national president Amit Shah equates his political opponents with Ajmal Kasab, the lone Pakistani terrorist caught alive after the 26/11 Mumbai attacks. This, after the exposé of BJP IT cell in Bhopal harbouring ISI spies, is not just delusional, but intentionally communal and aimed to vitiate an already toxic electoral climate in the country.

It is extremely sad that Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who extols the virtues of his NRI supporters all across the world, hasn’t felt the need to issue a strong and scathing condemnation of the blatant hate crime that killed Srinivas Kuchibholta in Kansas.… Does the PM feel hesitant over calling out xenophobia at the topmost government level and its bloody, violent consequences in the United States because it would draw immediate and strong parallels to what’s happening in India? Is he waiting for his “circles of enablers” to interpret this as Hinduphobia? Does he not see this as a fundamental breach of the human rights of Indians abroad, particularly in the US?… Doesn’t that make Narendra Modi as much of an anti-national as Donald Trump himself?

http://www.dailyo.in/variety/kansas-shooting-narendra-modi-donald-trump/story/1/15863.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

2002 Godhra riots: ‘There were 20 Muslim families in the village, one by one they all left’ (Feb 26, 2017, Indian Express)

…On January 31, following a prolonged trial, an additional district court in Kalol acquitted all the 26 accused in the case. The order said most of the eyewitnesses had turned hostile and a “compromise was struck between the accused and the victims”. While no written documents were submitted, the court accepted the oral information given “about the amount (not mentioned in the order) of compensation given to the victims by the accused”.

The accused had been booked for “rioting, attacking Muslims, burning their houses and destroying properties” and for insulting “their religion by damaging the (Haji Pir Ki) dargah”. One of the eyewitnesses who the court said had turned hostile was Sakina, who is in her early 60s. She denies this, and both she and Hasinaben, who is a few years younger, say they are still fighting the case. “Woh log 10-20 hazaar de kar samjhauta karna chahte the. Maine mana kar diya (The accused wanted us to compromise by giving us Rs 10,000-20,000. I refused),” Sakina says, adding that while she has also heard there has been a compromise, she doesn’t know of anyone accepting money to settle the case.

The dargah was one of the places attacked by rioters on the night of February 28, 2002, a day after the fire on the Sabarmati Express at Godhra railway station. Sakina and Hasinaben’s home was destroyed. While the two sisters shifted to the dargah, their brother left Paliyad with his family and their father took shelter at a relief camp, where he later died. “A mob of 500 to 1,000 men barged in. They thrashed my brother. They destroyed all the houses and robbed this dargah,” Sakina says. “Bees ke kareeb ghar the Musalmanon ke, dheere-dheere sabne gaon chhod diya (There were around 20 families of Muslims in the village, one by one they all left).”…

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/2002-godhra-riots-there-were-20-muslim-families-in-the-village-one-by-one-they-all-left-4543950/

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Ishrat case: CBI opposes Guj DGP P P Pandeys discharge plea (Feb 28, 2017, India Today)

The CBI today opposed the application of Gujarat’s in-charge Director General of Police P P Pandey seeking discharge in the Ishrat Jahan case. In its reply before the special CBI court here, the central agency said there was evidence against Pandey which established his direct as well as indirect involvement.

The CBI also said it was still collecting evidence and recording statements, as the trial is yet to begin. The alleged encounter took place when Pandey was holding a high position in the Gujarat Police, CBI pointed out.…

Pandeys application cited his reinstatement and promotion as in-charge DGP of Gujarat as one of the grounds to discharge him.…

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/ishrat-case-cbi-opposes-guj-dgp-p-p-pandeys-discharge-plea/1/893873.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Digvijay Singh’s ‘hate’ tweet leaves Muslim groups fuming (Feb 23, 2017, Times of India)

Congress general secretary Digvijaya Singh has stirred a controversy by his comment on social media. The senior leader equated madrassas to schools run by Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and claimed both spread ‘hatred’. Muslim groups and political parties have slammed Singh for his remarks on Twitter. Singh took to the microblogging site to write, “Is there a difference between Madarsas and Saraswati Shishu Mandir Schools run by RSS ? I don’t think so. Both spread Hatred. (sic).”

Strong reactions poured in from various Muslim organisations, including the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen(MIM). Asaduddin Owaisi, the MIM president, objected to Singh’s tweet. He asked Muslim socio-religious organisations, including the Jamiat-e-Ulama Hind, to take note of this ‘hatred’.

Senior Congress leader and State Minorities chairman Abid Rasool Khan too expressed displeasure. He said, “Madrassas provide education, clothing and food to those from the weakest of sections. This statement sent a wrong signal and must be retracted immediately.” In a terse reaction, Hafiz Peer Shabbir, Jamiat-e-Ulama Hind, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh chief, said he unequivocally condemns Singh’s statement.…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/57304437.cms

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Fake Rs 2000 notes of ‘Children Bank of India’ dispensed from SBI ATM in Delhi (Feb 23, 2017, Hindustan Times)

At a time when many people are struggling to withdraw cash, a State Bank of India ATM in South Delhi’s Sangam Vihar dispensed fake Rs 2,000 notes. The notes, which could be passed off as genuine at first glance, are replete with errors and seem to be a prank at people’s expense.

The notes, dispensed on February 6, read ‘Children Bank of India’ in place of Reserve Bank of India and ‘Guaranteed by the Children’s Government’ in place of Guaranteed by the Central Government. ‘Churan lable’ in place of the latent image and a fake ‘PK’ logo instead of the bank’s seal, are among some of the other obvious deviations on the note.

Confirming the development, a senior police officer said that the ATM first dispensed four such Rs 2,000 notes to a customer. “We sent a sub-inspector to verify the allegations. He withdrew one Rs 2,000 note and that also turned out to be fake,” the officer said, adding that the other notes in the bundle were genuine.…

http://www.hindustantimes.com/delhi/fake-rs-2-000-notes-bearing-churan-lable-dispensed-by-sbi-atm-in-delhi/story-8bsspBZ10wymlLb6JOwJWI.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

472 rape cases in Gujarat, Kutch registered 117 in 6 months, BJP responsible for Naliya sex racket (Feb 26, 2017, Counterview)

A civil society-sponsored online petition has claimed that the Naliya sex racket, rocking Gujarat for about a fortnight now, is just a “tip of the iceberg”, insisting, “For last so many years sexual crime in Gujarat is increasing day by day” and “rape has become the epidemic in Gujarat.”

Giving the examples for the alleged “rape epidemic” in Gujarat, the petition says, these include the “Patan gangrape case, Asaram sex crimes, Parul University sex crime etc.”, claiming, “In all these cases there is a common factor which is a matter of grave concern that the criminals always got the patronage of the ruling BJP.”

“They could be punished or in jails because of public protests. But there have always been attempts by the vested forces supporting each and every action of the ruling party to release a dirtiest campaign against the victims”, alleges the petition.… “In her complaint she alleged that she has been the victim of multiple gang rapes by ten males”, the petition names a BJP activist who offered her Rs 1 crore to withdraw the FIR, adding, “At least 35 women are trapped in this sex racket and 65 persons are involved.”…

http://www.counterview.net/2017/02/472-rape-cases-in-gujarat-kutch.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Central ‘squeeze’ on funds for Dalit scheme leaves thousands in lurch (Feb 27, 2017, Times of India)

Manoj Kumar Paswan, a Dalit student from Nawada district in Bihar, has lived a hard life, coming as he does from a poor marginal farmer family. He and his family saw a ray of hope after he got a scholarship in 2016 to get a degree in computer applications from a college in Nagpur.

One year on, he is back to square one. The promised money from the central government’s Post Matric Scholarship scheme, which was to be routed directly to his college, has not materialized. He is back in the village, repeatedly visiting the welfare office, pleading for a solution. “My seniors in college got the scholarship. But mine never came. The college said there are some issues, we are trying to sort them out. How can I continue like this? I came back home to pursue the matter with the welfare officer here,” he told TOI from Nawada.

His is not an exceptional case, as revealed by data collected by the Dalit advocacy group, National Campaign for Dalit & Human Rights (NCDHR). In response to a complaint made by them, the social justice ministry told them that they had released nearly Rs 5,000 crore in 2015-16 and 2016-17 but the states had demanded almost double of that, Rs 9,120.56 crore. “What has happened is that in the beginning, states continued to provide scholarships to Dalit students but the central govt put a squeeze. Finally, the pipeline dried up and the students were left high and dry. Colleges started demanding fees from the students or told them to quit. Thousands have been affected by this tragedy,” said Paul Diwakar of NCDHR.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/57364809.cms

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Opinions and Editorials

‘Preplanned inhuman collective violent act of terrorism’: What Modi got away with in the Godhra case – By Manoj Mitta (Feb 27, 2017, Scroll.in)

It was only after he had become chief minister of Gujarat in October 2001 that Narendra Modi contested an election for the first time in his life. Yet, Modi was apparently still such a political lightweight that his victory margin was half that of his Bharatiya Janata Party colleague who had vacated a “safe seat” for the by-election. Within a week of this unimpressive electoral debut, the Godhra tragedy occurred on February 27, 2002, setting off a chain of events that ultimately propelled him to the office of prime minister.

Following his “spot assessment of the situation” in which 59 people had been burnt alive in a train, a press release issued by the Gujarat government the same evening quoted Modi as saying that Godhra was a “preplanned inhuman collective violent act of terrorism”. The casualties were mostly kar sevaks returning in the Sabarmati Express from a controversial Ram temple campaign launched in Ayodhya by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad in defiance of a Supreme Court order.

Modi’s immediate attribution of the train burning to a terrorist conspiracy was a politically fraught move. It turned the tables on Opposition MPs who had repeatedly disrupted Parliament the previous day demanding action against the Ayodhya campaign for exacerbating communal tension in the country. The resolve he apparently displayed in dealing with Godhra, the “original sin” of the 2002 Gujarat violence, has served to build Modi’s image as a strong and decisive leader.…

https://scroll.in/article/830319/preplanned-inhuman-collective-violent-act-of-terrorism-what-modi-got-away-with-in-the-godhra-case

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Question from Ramjas to JNU: Is ABVP a students’ organisation or a bunch of hooligans? – Editorial (Feb 22, 2017, Hindustan Times)

Just a year after ABVP activists disrupted and shut down the Jawaharlal Nehru University by alleging that some of its students have indulged in anti-national sloganeering, its members are at it again. On Wednesday, ABVP members clashed with students in the Delhi University campus over a protest march the latter were holding against the organisation for disrupting an event at the Ramjas University.…

As in the JNU case, in this case too, the ABVP activists said that they cannot “allow anti-nationals” to speak on the campus. The students have protested saying, correctly so, that this intervention goes against the basic tenets of freedom of speech. Things could not have gone out of hand at DU if the police had been cautious enough to keep them at bay.

But it seems that the police inaction only emboldened the ABVP. In the last one year, ABVP has created ruckus in at least three major campuses: JNU, Hyderabad Central University and now in DU. Such actions raise an important question: Is ABVP a students’ organisation or a bunch of thugs?

http://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/is-abvp-a-students-organisation-or-a-bunch-of-hooligans/story-p4sZ5nQnoN0WhmSTHuWUsL.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Why we need to worry about ABVP’s ‘nationalism’ – By Gunjeet SRA (Feb 28, 2017, Dailyo.in)

…While there has been widespread backlash over the incident across the media and the university, comments under some of the videos on YouTube and Facebook have been mind-numbingly “patriotic” and pro-ABVP. Which is as shocking as it is disheartening, and points to the fact that the ABVP has managed to successfully become the footsoldiers of intolerance against any debate over patriotism. The fact that they use violence to get their message across is something that is viewed as a minor inconvenience in the face of nationalism.

Whether it is delivering a lecture on tribal rights, eating beef, talking about Muslims, Kashmir or being a minority in India, or even talking about something that might not be deemed moral – basically anything that doesn’t appeal to the majoritarian idea of India and your place in it, is going to be perceived as anti-national and if you’re a part of it, despite knowing that, you deserve what is coming to you, the ABVP seems to be saying.…

This was followed by a national beef ban, which was immediately followed by the lynching of a Muslim (whose murderer was wrapped in the national flag at his cremation). The hoisting of national flags in schools and colleges and the very recent directive on the playing of the national anthem before movie screenings – are all ideas stemming from an overzealous patriotic mindset which will continue to draw people, until its agenda of obliterating discourse and free thought is successful.

http://www.dailyo.in/politics/abvp-ramjas-umar-khalid/story/1/15885.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Petty BJP ministers and opportunistic celebs forced Gurmehar to withdraw campaign against ABVP violence – Editorial (Feb 28, 2017, Hindustan Times)

Delhi University student Gurmehar Kaur may have withdrawn her campaign against the violence that the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) unleashed on the campus last week, but she has left the ground with her head held high. In fact, it would not be wrong to say that the goons of the ABVP — helped by Union ministers and a few prejudiced celebrities — hounded her out of the unfolding narrative. But fortunately they have not been able to scare others: Hundreds of students, who believe in freedom of speech and peaceful protests and dislike the Parishad’s strong arm tactics, showed that they are brave enough to come out and have their say against the violence on Tuesday.…

All those who have been trolling and threatening Ms Kaur would not have had to the guts to do so if senior members of the BJP-led government, including Union ministers, had not fanned the flames and made wrong associations between different events to vitiate the atmosphere. Union minister Jitendra Singh on Monday said the country will not allow premium on anti-India activism and outlined the a “need to draw a bottom line on it”.

…Needless to say that there is no connection between what is happening in the Valley and in DU and by conflating these two issues, Mr Singh has sent out a dangerous signal. His colleague, minister of state, home affairs, Kiren Rijiju put out another seemingly innocuous question: “Who’s polluting this young girl’s mind?” He also said that “freedom of expression is not a licence to shout anti-national slogans in campuses. Criticise the government but don’t abuse the motherland”.…

http://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/petty-bjp-ministers-and-opportunistic-celebs-forced-gurmehar-to-withdraw-campaign-against-abvp-violence/story-2ViQV0IXNpFm17xRGb5xrO.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Why does Tamil Nadu’s unelected governor have the power to select a CM? Blame the British Raj – By Shoaib Daniyal (Feb 15, 2017, Scroll.in)

Continuing the rollercoaster that Tamil politics has been for the past six months, the Supreme Court delivered another twist on Tuesday, convicting VK Sasikala in a disproportionate assets case.… One of the offices that has been constantly been in the spotlight during this episode is that of the governor. Even before Sasikala had been convicted, Tamil Nadu governor C Vidyasagar Rao had refused to administer her the oath of office, reportedly citing the imminent verdict. This was an unprecedented step given that there was little doubt that Sasikala had the support of enough legislators in the Tamil Nadu Assembly to form the government. In a parliamentary system of democracy, how could an unelected governor overrule an explicit order of support from an elected assembly?

That the court eventually held Sasikala guilty does not in any way deflect attention from the governor’s rather unusual role in this drama. If chief ministers were held to be unfit for office by unelected governors every time a legal case cropped up, many governments would have to vacate office – which is clearly not the case. Jayalalitha herself occupied the post of chief minister rather comfortably, while being an accused in this very same disproportionate assets case.

It does not help matters that the Bharatiya Janata Party is seen to not like Sasikala, preferring the more pliant O Panneerselvam instead. Given that the governor serves at the pleasure of the BJP-controlled Union government, accusations of a political element to the governor’s move are rife.…

https://scroll.in/article/829335/how-can-tamil-nadus-unelected-governor-select-a-chief-minister-blame-the-british-raj

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

The disgraceful pastime of Chhattisgarh cops – By Kay Benedict (Feb 24, 2017, Free Press Journal)

In Chhattisgarh’s Bastar region, the police first brand young tribal women as Naxalite sympathisers and use this ruse to raid their homes and villages. (Women recruits in Maoist camps are not allowed to marry or become pregnant). It is when a young woman beseeches the cops that she is not a Maoist and that she is a mother, the law-enforcers demand proof. So they squeeze her breasts to verify that she is not telling a lie. Obviously, the “anti-national” slur is only a ploy to satiate their crude, carnal pleasures, inflicting deeps wounds into the psyche of the hapless women.…

A group of tribal women in a village in Bastar, recently narrated their demeaning existence to television journalist Tanushree Pandey of CNN-News 18. Huddled in a remote forested area, shamed and vulnerable, the victims recounted their horror stories (that they endured between October 2015 and January 2016) to News 18, the only channel that traversed 1500-odd km to talk to the abused women caught between a ruthless police and the Maoists.

“I was four months pregnant when I was raped. They (the security forces) did not care I was pregnant,” said a feeble voice, her face blurred by the channel. Another said, she had just delivered (eight hours before) and lactating. “They were not convinced and a cop squeezed my breasts to see if there was milk.” Another woman said “they groped me, sexually assaulted and beat me.” Yet another said “Four men blindfolded me and raped me, later they left me unconscious…” The women said the police also “loot their homes in the name of search” for Maoists. Some rued that their houses were “hijacked” by the security men and “we could not enter our own houses”.…

http://www.freepressjournal.in/analysis/kay-benedict-the-disgraceful-pastime-of-chhattisgarh-cops/1024238

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Book Review

Foot Solidier of the Constitution – A Memoir

Author: Teesta Setalvad
Reviewed by: T. Navin
Available at: LeftWord Books, 2254/2A, Shadi Khampur, New Ranjit Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110008. www.amazon.in/
Review:
Gujarat Violence And Struggle For Justice (Feb 22, 2017, Countercurrents)

…The example of Gujarat 2002 remains a classic example where communal ideas, communal organisations, communal propaganda came together to create a mayhem of religious genocide. This was instigated by the State, which was to protect the basic values of the Constitution including Secularism.

Gujarat 2002 evokes different responses. For the perpetrators of the violence, it was a way to teach a lesson to the minorities to accept the majoritarian goondaraj, for minorities it was an experience where permanent wound was inflicted through violence and fear psychosis, for the secular elements it was a complete breakdown of the functioning of state institutions in protecting secular values and a dark phase in Indian Democracy. While the damage has been done through Gujarat violence, the task however remains that for delivering justice to victims of Gujarat violence. The book titled ‘Foot Soldier of the Constitution – A Memoir’ by Teesta Setalvad represents her struggle for justice for the victims of Gujarat 2002 violence.…

The book by Teesta is a caution call for all those who stand for Justice and secularism. Gujarat provides enough evidence of how the mainstreaming of a communal ideology can play havoc with people. It shows how a fascist ideology manipulates institutions and constitutional principles to establish its bias and discriminatory behaviour in the name of religion. The book is an essential reading for those to understand the reality of Gujarat 2002.

http://www.countercurrents.org/2017/02/22/gujarat-violence-and-struggle-for-justice/

{ 0 comments }

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – January 16th, 2016

January 27, 2017

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup News Headlines How AB Vajpayee was foiled in his bid to have Narendra Modi removed as Gujarat chief minister Months Before Sahara Was Granted Immunity, Tax Panel Member Was Abruptly Transferred Bombay High Court cites Muslim man’s religion as provocation, subsequent murder RBI note exposes govt. bluff on note […]

Read the full article →

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – June 20th, 2016

June 28, 2016

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup News Headlines Indian court jails 11 for life over Gujarat massacre of Muslims Gulberg verdict: SIT to approach High Court on ‘lenient’ sentencing Ishrat Jahan missing papers: ‘Mere ko ye poochna hai ki aapne ye paper dekha? Aapko kehna hai ki maine ye paper nahi dekha – seedhi si […]

Read the full article →

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – February 10th, 2014

February 11, 2014

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup News Headlines NRG sisters’ film records lingering trauma of 2002 Cops ignored Hindu terror leads, says officer who arrested Aseemanand Shinde hints at conducting probe in Samjhauta Express blast case Ishrat Jahan encounter case: CBI charges former IB special director, 3 serving officers Government forced to defer Communal […]

Read the full article →

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – November 25th, 2013

November 26, 2013

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup Communal Harmony Vice president calls for communal harmony News Headlines Sex CD forced Modi govt to tail woman, SC told US lawmakers move anti-Modi resolution Trouble for Modi? Damning details of Ishrat killing given to SC Karnataka panel orders damages to 3 held in Bangalore blast case Ahead […]

Read the full article →

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – September 30th, 2013

October 2, 2013

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup Communal Harmony Post Riots, Samajwadi Party committee to strengthen communal harmony in Muzaffarnagar News Headlines Criminal Charges Which Narendra Modi Faces Caught on tape: Praful Patel admits influencing Ishrat probe, CBI likely to grill Narendra Modi for inspiring, guiding and monitoring every police action CBI grills BJP Rajya […]

Read the full article →

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – September 23rd, 2013

September 24, 2013

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup News Headlines ‘No anguish on Modi’s face when he talks about riots’ I wouldn’t want to live in India if Modi becomes PM, author Ananthamurthy says Ishrat Jahan fake encounter case: CBI quizzes principal secretary to Modi, top cop BJP MLA Suresh Rana arrested for role in Muzaffarnagar […]

Read the full article →

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – September 9th, 2013

September 10, 2013

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup News Headlines Muzaffarnagar riots: 4 BJP MLAs, Cong leader booked for inciting mob ‘Attempts to stoke communal tension around Deoband’ Communal tension grips Belgaum in Karnataka ahead of Ganesha festivities ‘Attack on 2002 Gujarat riot protesters planned’ Prosecute Narendra Modi, asks Coalition Against Genocide Prajapati encounter: Sting CD […]

Read the full article →

IAMC Weekly News Roundup – August 26th, 2013

August 27, 2013

In this issue of IAMC News Roundup Communal Harmony Function on communal harmony News Headlines 02 riots: Let court, not SIT, decide Gujarat government role Narendra Modi following Hitler’s tactics to grab power: Digvijaya Singh CBI to confront IB ex-officer in Ishrat case again Yatra ban: We won’t let UP become Gujarat, says SP Shiv […]

Read the full article →